Вівторок, 29 вересня 2020

Lex Portus

Серафімов В. В.

Сучасні тенденції формування морської політики держав середземномор’я

Vitaliy Serafimov*

Modern Trends of Forming the Maritime Policy of the Mediterranean States

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Suggested citation:

Серафімов, В.В. (2018). Сучасні тенденції формування морської політики держав Cередземномор'я. Lex Portus, 3, 157-181. https://doi.org/10.26886/2524-101X.3.2018.11

Serafimov, V.V. (2018). Suchasni tendentsii formuvannia morskoi polityky derzhav Ceredzemnomoria [Modern trends of forming the maritime policy of the Mediterranean states]. Lex Portus, no. 3, 157-181. https://doi.org/10.26886/2524-101X.3.2018.11 [in Ukrainian].

*Vitaliy Serafimov. PhD in Law, Docent, Managing Partner of the Legal Group “Vitali Serafimov and Partners”, Managing Partner “Chinese Legal Center in Odessa”, Member of the Council of Odessa Regional Organization of the Union of Lawyers of Ukraine (48A, Centralna St., Dobroslav, Lymanskiy district, Odessa region, Ukraine).

 

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to the coverage and the analysis of the main areas of the maritime policy of the Mediterranean states. The Mediterranean Sea is described as a strategic factor in European politics, historical, social and economic spaces. The trends of the modern Mediterranean dialogue are determined. Analyzing the maritime policy of the EU, the southern and the eastern Mediterranean, the main vectors of their development are identified. Some aspects of the EU’s integrated maritime policy, counteraction to narcotic drugs, maritime security, counteraction to illegal maritime migration, protection and prevention of pollution of the Mediterranean environment are considered. The directions of the naval policy of the non – European states of the region are singled out. In the North – African states, it is aimed at countering illegal migration to the EU and conducting naval exercises, while in the Middle East it focuses on the search and the redistribution of hydrocarbon deposits to ensure a stable supply of energy. It is noted that tensions in the implementation of the maritime policy of the states of the Mediterranean region are still in progress, that stipulated by the significant resource, transport and economic potential of the coastal countries, as well as the great social, cultural and religious contradictions that occur among their people. It is noted about the importance of searching for non-divergent aspects and building policies exclusively on a consumer component, but the development of common butt points of interaction and mutual cooperation in the most important spheres of social life – legal, economic, environmental – with the preservation of identity and positive civilizational memory of people and states constructed by them.

Keywords: the maritime policy, Mediterranean basin states, the EU maritime policy, the maritime policy of the southern Mediterranean, the maritime policy of the eastern Mediterranean.

 

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Серафімов В. В. Сучасні тенденції формування морської політики держав середземномор’я. – Стаття.

Статтю присвячено висвітленню та аналізу основних напрямів морської політики держав Середземномор’я. Середземне море охарактеризовано як стратегічний фактор європейської політики, історичний, соціальний та економічний простір. Визначено тенденції сучасного середземноморського діалогу. При аналізові морської політики держав ЄС, південного та східного Середземномор’я визначено основні вектори їх розвитку. Розглянуто окремі аспекти інтегрованої морської політики ЄС, протидії обігу наркотичних засобів, забезпечення морської безпеки, протидії незаконній морській міграції, захисту та попередження забруднення середовища Середземного моря. Виокремлено напрями морської політики неєвропейських держав регіону: у північно-африканських держав її спрямовано на протидію нелегальній міграції до ЄС та проведення військово-морських навчань, а у ближньосхідних – зосереджено на пошуку та перерозподілі родовищ вуглеводнів для забезпечення стабільного енергопостачання.

Ключові слова: морська політика, держави середземноморського басейну, морська політика ЄС, морська політика південного Середземномор’я, морська політика східного Середземномор’я.

 

Серафимов В. В. Современные тенденции формирования морской политики государств Средиземноморья. – Статья.

Статья посвящена освещению и анализу основных направлений морской политики государств Средиземноморья. Средиземное море охарактеризовано как стратегический фактор европейской политики, историческое, социальное и экономическое пространство. Определены тенденции современного средиземноморского диалога. При анализе морской политики государств ЕС, южного и восточного Средиземноморья определены основные векторы их развития. Рассмотрены отдельные аспекты интегрированной морской политики ЕС, противодействия обороту наркотических средств, обеспечения морской безопасности, противодействия незаконной морской миграции, защиты и предупреждения загрязнения Средиземного моря. Выделены направления морской политики неевропейских государств региона: в североафриканских государствах она направлена на противодействие нелегальной миграции в ЕС и проведение военно-морских учений, а в ближневосточных – сосредоточено на поиске и перераспределении месторождений углеводородов для обеспечения стабильного энергоснабжения.

Ключевые слова: морская политика, государства средиземноморского бассейна, морская политика ЕС, морская политика южного Средиземноморья, морская политика восточного Средиземноморья.

Адреса редакції

м. Одеса, Україна
Фонтанська дорога, 23
Національний університет «Одеська юридична академія»,
Кафедра морського та митного права

Відповідальний секретар журналу – д.ю.н., с.н.с., доцент, завідувач лабораторії кафедри морського та митного права, доцент кафедри
Аверочкіна Тетяна Володимирівна

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