Четвер, 01 жовтня 2020

Lex Portus

Андрущенко С. В.

Режим морського порту: ґенеза міжнародно-правового забезпечення

Sergiy Andrushchenko*

Seaport regime: the genesis of internationally-legal provision

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Suggested citation:

Андрущенко, С.В. (2018). Режим морського порту: ґенеза міжнародно-правового забезпечення. Lex Portus, 1, 105-114. https://doi.org/10.26886/2524-101X.1.2018.8

Andrushchenko, S.V. (2018). Rezhym morskoho portu: geneza mizhnarodno-pravovoho zabezpechennia [Seaport regime: the genesis of internationally-legal provision]. Lex Portus, no. 1, 105-114. https://doi.org/10.26886/2524-101X.1.2018.8 [in Ukrainian].

*Sergiy Andrushchenko.  Assistant of a judge of the Economic Court of the Odessa region (29, Shevchenko Ave., Odessa, Ukraine).

 

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to the study of the historical development of international legal norms on the regime of seaports. It is noted that the process of creating world – wide agreed rules on the regime of seaports did not end with the adoption of a generally accepted agreement. At all times seaports played the role of a leading lever of formation statehood of coastal countries. Thanks to the location on the coast of the seas and oceans precisely in the coastal settlements carried out much more progressive development of trade and crafts, were formed the first states, and the development of shipping meant spreading the jurisdiction of the remote and rich colony resources. That is the period Great geographic discoveries that became possible as a result development of seafaring and, of course, arrangement of special places on the coasts, where possible and convenient was an unloading and loading large ships, repair them, etc., - sea ports, laid the basis of economic stability of modern European countries and became the pledge of the formation of the great powers of the North and South Of America. The current practice of determining the regime of seaports, in particular the regime of ships under foreign flags, is characterized by the harmonization of its rules between the states on a bilateral basis. Also, it is noted the complexity and multi – vectoring of a concept “legal regime of a port”. It combines the rules of visitation (calling at) the port, staying and movement within the seaport, the regime at the point of entry through the state border of Ukraine, the regime of property at the seaport. In addition, the water surface of a port – the water of the port of Ukraine, is limited by a line that passes through the permanent port facilities, which are most protruding to the sea – in accordance with the article 6 of the Law of Ukraine “On the State Border of Ukraine”, are the inland waters of Ukraine, which also have the appropriate legal regime, which has significant differences from the regimes of other types of maritime spaces, established by Ukraine – the territorial sea and the exclusive (maritime) economic zone.

The key words: port, seaport, regime of sea ports, international agreements on the regime of sea ports, jurisdiction.

 

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Андрущенко С. В. Режим морського порту: ґенеза міжнародно-правового забезпечення. – Стаття.

Статтю присвячено дослідженню історичного розвитку міжнародно-правових норм про режим морських портів. Зазначається, що процес створення всесвітньо погоджених правил про режим морських портів не завершився прийняттям загальновизнаної угоди. Сучасна практика визначення режиму морських портів, зокрема режиму суден під іноземними прапорами, характеризується погодженням його правил між державами на двосторонній основі. Також відзначається комплексність та багатовекторність поняття “правовий режим порту”.

Ключові слова: порт, морський порт, режим морського порту, міжнародні угоди про режим морських портів, юрисдикція.

 

Андрущенко С. В. Режим морского порта: генезис международно-правового обеспечения. – Статья.

Статья посвящена исследованию исторического развития международно-правовых норм о режиме морских портов. Отмечается, что процесс создания всемирно согласованных правил о режиме морских портов не завершился принятием общепризнанного соглашения. Современная практика определения режима морских портов, в частности режима судов под иностранными флагами, характеризуется согласованием его правил между государствами на двусторонней основе. Также отмечается комплексность и многовекторность понятия “правовой режим порта”.

Ключевые слова: порт, морской порт, режим морского порта, международные соглашения о режиме морских портов, юрисдикция.

Адреса редакції

м. Одеса, Україна
Фонтанська дорога, 23
Національний університет «Одеська юридична академія»,
Кафедра морського та митного права

Відповідальний секретар журналу – д.ю.н., с.н.с., доцент, завідувач лабораторії кафедри морського та митного права, доцент кафедри
Аверочкіна Тетяна Володимирівна

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