Середа, 19 травня 2021

Lex Portus

Roman Kril*

The EU transit procedures and regional integration: the case of Ukraine

Full text PDF [EN]

Suggested citation:

Kril, R. (2020). The EU transit procedures and regional integration: the case of Ukraine. Lex Portus, no. 1, 51-68. https://doi.org/10.26886/2524-101X.1.2020.4

*Roman Kril, 2nd rank advisor of tax and customs service, State Fiscal Service of Ukraine (8, Lvivska Square, Kyiv, Ukraine).

 

ABSTRACT

The research evaluates the current EU legal framework for customs transit procedure with a view of promotion of regional integration through extension of transit procedures to EU neighbor countries. The article analyzes the formation of EU secondary legislation and its international agreements relating to introduction and application of transit procedure. Particularly, the relation of emerging of common transit procedure to the demands of Article X of GATT and early developments of TIR convention is reveled. The transition from bi-lateral to multilateral approach to extension of EU customs rules on transit is also emphasized. The typology of EU legal orders (including EU transit, Common transit, TIR transit, etc.) for application of transit procedure is reviewed with the focus at the high level of integration between such legal orders. The issue is considered as an example of Europeanization of customs law and administrative procedural law in general. Besides, the specific case of Ukrainian steps towards implementation of the Common transit procedure is analyzed. The comparative analyses of the relevant provisions of the Convention on Common Transit Procedure and the Law of Ukraine implementing such procedure shows the main gaps and possible issues that may become obstacles to successful joining the above mentioned Convention.

The key words: EU transit procedure, Common transit procedure, customs law, New Computerized Transit System, Association Agreement, Ukraine.

 

REFERENCES

Additional Protocol to the Agreement providing for the provisional application of the Draft International Customs Conventions on Touring, on Commercial Road Vehicles and on the International Transport of Goods by Road, relating to the International Transport of goods by container under the T.I.R. Carnet Regime, 1950 (United Nations). United Nations Treaty Collection. Retrieved from: https://treaties.un.org/doc/Treaties/1950/06/19500607%2000-05%20AM/Ch_XI_A_03p.pdf (2020, February, 20).

Agreement on the widening of the scope of the regulation concerning Community transit, 1977 (the European Economic Community, the Swiss Confederation and the Republic of Austria). OJ L142. 09/06/1977. P. 3. An official website of the European Union. Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/world/agreements/downloadFile.do?fullText=yes&treatyTransId=527 (2020, February, 19).

Agreement providing for the provisional application of the Draft International Customs Conventions on Touring, on Commercial Road Vehicles and on the International Transport of Goods by Road Geneva, 1949 (United Nations). United Nations Treaty Collection. Retrieved from: https://treaties.un.org/doc/Treaties/1950/01/19500101%2000-03%20AM/Ch_XI_A_01p.pdf (2020, January, 20).

Association Agreement, 2014 (the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, Ukraine). EUR-Lex.europa.eu. Retrieved from:  https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:02014A0529(01)-20190708 (2020, January, 15).

Convention on a common transit procedure, 1987 (the European Economic Community, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Finland, the Republic of Iceland, the Kingdom of Norway, the Kingdom of Sweden and the Swiss Confederation). OJ. L 226. 13.8.1987. P. 2-117.

Convention on the simplification of formalities in trade in goods, 1987 (the European Economic Community, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Finland, the Republic of Iceland, the Kingdom of Norway, the Kingdom of Sweden and the Swiss Confederation). OJ. L 134. 22.5.1987. P. 2-77.

Decision No 105/2000/EC amending Decision No 210/97/EC adopting an action pro­gramme for customs in the Community (Customs 2000) and repealing Council Decision 91/341/EEC, 1999 (the European Parliament, the European Council). OJ. L 013. 19/01/2000 P. 0001-0004.

Dlia hromadskoho obhovorennia predstavleno proiekt Postanovy KMU, neobkhidnoi dlia zaprovadzhennia AEO ta NCTS [The Draft CMU Resolution Required to Introduce AEO and NCTS has been introduced for Public Discussion]. Veb-sait Ministerstva finanasiv Ukrainy. [Web-site of the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine]. Retrieved from: https://www.mof.gov.ua/uk/news/dlia_gromadskogo_obgovorennia_predstavleno_proiekt_postanovi_kmu_neobkhidnoi_dlia_zaprovadzhennia_ncts_ta_aeo-2053 (2020, February, 28). [in Ukrainian].

European Union Customs Transit including arrangements with neighboring countries under the Common Transit Convention. WTO Committee on Trade Facilitation. May 2, 2018. Web-site of the World Trade Organization. Retrieved from: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tradfa_e/comm_e/meet26june_eu_nonpaper_2_e.pdf (2020, February, 10).

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1947 (The Governments of the state-members). Web-site of the World Trade Organization. Retrieved from: https://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/gatt47_e.pdf (2020, February, 10).

Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/2447 laying down detailed rules for implementing certain provisions of Regulation (EU) No 952/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the Union Customs Code, 2015 (European Commission). OJ. L 343. 29.12.2015. P. 558-893.

Jana, V. (2017). Adopting a Harmonized Regional Approach to Customs Regulation for the Tripartite Free Trade Agreement. Hamburg: Anchor Academic Publishing.

Limbach, K. (2015). Uniformity of Customs Administration in the European Union. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Lyons, T. (2018). EU Customs Law. 3-rd Edition. Oxford. Oxford University Press.

Mytnyi kodeks Ukrainy, 2012 (Verkhovna Rada Ukrainy) [Customs Code of Ukraine, 2012 (Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine)]. Ofitsiinyi visnyk Ukrainy. [Official Bulletin of Ukraine], 32, 1175. [in Ukrainian].

Regulation (EC) No 837/2005 amending Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2454/93 laying down provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 estab­lishing the Community Customs Code, 2005 (The European Council). OJ. L 139. 2.6.2005. P. 1–2.

Regulation (EEC) on Community transit No 542/69, 1969 (The Council of EU). OJ. 77/1. 29.3.69.

Regulation (EU) laying down the Union Customs Code No 952/2013, 2013 (the European Parliament, the European Council). OJ. L 269. 10.10.2013, p. 1-101.

Strategy for Implementation of Common Transit System NCTS (New Computerised Transit System) for The Republic of Macedonia. R10. EN. Customs Administration of the Republic of Macedonia. 2010.

The European Community and the Countries of the EFTA. Europe Information (1979) Commission of the European Community. No 15. Web-site of the University of Pittsburg. Retrieved from: http://aei.pitt.edu/8246/1/31735055282275_1.pdf (2020, February, 17).

Transit Manual, 2015 (European Commission). Web-site of the Customs administration of the Czech Republic. Retrieved from: https://www.celnisprava.cz/cz/clo/celni-rizeni/tranzit/Documents/Příručka%20pro%20tranzit%201.1.2015/transit_manual_en.pdf (2020, February, 15).

Zakon pro rezhym spilnoho tranzytu ta zaprovadzhennia natsionalnoi elektronnoi tranzytnoi systemy, 2019 (Verkhovna Rada Ukrainy) [Law on the Regime of Joint Transit and Introduction of National Electronic Transit System, 2019 (Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine)]. Ofitsiinyi visnyk Ukrainy. [Official Bulletin of Ukraine], 76, 2622. [in Ukrainian].

.

Адреса редакції

м. Одеса, Україна
Фонтанська дорога, 23
Національний університет «Одеська юридична академія»,
Кафедра морського та митного права

Відповідальний секретар журналу – д.ю.н., с.н.с., доцент, завідувач лабораторії кафедри морського та митного права, доцент кафедри
Аверочкіна Тетяна Володимирівна

(096)361-39-75, (095)943-84-95

info@lexportus.net.ua