Середа, 19 травня 2021

Lex Portus

Liudmyla Kormych*

The gender equality in maritime industries: transnational law perspectives

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Suggested citation:

Kormych, L. (2020). The gender equality in maritime industries: transnational law perspectives. Lex Portus, 3, 24-43. https://doi.org/10.26886/2524-101X.3.2020.2 

*Liudmyla Kormych, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Public Organization “South-Ukrainian Center of Gender Problems” (30, Admiralskyi prospect Ave., Odessa, Ukraine)

 

ABSTRACT

The article examines the international legal frameworks for ensuring the gender equality in maritime industries. This issue has been on in the agenda of international maritime community since 1988. Two major groups of respective sources are represented by international instruments on women’s rights and specific international instruments on the realization of sustainable development goals within maritime. However, specific obligatory agreements on work in maritime industries do not provide sufficient regulation environment for achieving the aim of integration of women, as evidenced by their low percentage in the industry according to statistics. The issue can be effectively solving through sharing policies and practices that are based on affirmative actions and are aimed on granting access to maritime training, recognizing needs of women working in maritime and protecting their rights. It is argued that the latter leads to enhancing the role of the soft law and the supranational, private and hybrid rulemaking in the field. This conclusion is illustrated by the analyses of the acts of International Maritime Organization and International Labour Organization and their cooperation with NGOs and private actors. The complexity of legal regulation, which focused on ensuring gender equality for offshore maritime workers, is caused by existing of the series of overlapping legal regimes, which is common for regulation of shipping. Acknowledging the peculiarities of legal regulation, the system of rule-making subjects and the focus on empowering women within the policies of such subjects, leads to conclusion of the essential potential of the transnational approach to the issue.

The key words: gender equality, maritime industries, women in maritime, empowering, transnational law, IMO, ILO, CEDAW.

 

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Адреса редакції

м. Одеса, Україна
Фонтанська дорога, 23
Національний університет «Одеська юридична академія»,
Кафедра морського та митного права

Відповідальний секретар журналу – д.ю.н., с.н.с., доцент, завідувач лабораторії кафедри морського та митного права, доцент кафедри
Аверочкіна Тетяна Володимирівна

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