Вівторок, 05 липня 2022

Flamur Mrasori*

The Role of the Unilateral Harmonization to the EU Integration

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Suggested citation:

Mrasori, F. (2022). The Role of the Unilateral Harmonization to the EU Integration. Lex Portus, 8(2), 54-77. https://doi.org/10.26886/2524-101X.8.2.2022.3

*PhD, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Prishtina, Chairman of the Central Bank Board, Central Bank of the Republic of Kosovo (31, George Bush St., Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo)



The addressing regarding EU integration done so far presents different observations and analyses including almost the same dimension or components. This is due to the fact that concepts for EU integration were usually constructed from the Union’s perspective, i.e. this process was portrayed as an attempt of the aspiring countries (including their specifics) for accession to the auspices of the Union (including but not limited to interests, policies and proactivity of the Union on the basis of formal accession criteria). Through this research paper, I attempt to make a step forward in observing a “nonconventional” component of integration, that is the role of unilateral harmonisation to the EU Integration and its adverse effect. As a concept, herein unilateral harmonization is constructed by being compared with different approaches dedicated to harmonization, in particular, with the Copenhagen criteria for the very purpose of showing the originality, bindingness and impact of unilateral harmonization on European integration. In this regard, it is herewith argued whether unilateral harmonization is cognitive (mandatory) in nature or not, compared to the accession process from a legal and political perspective. Finally, its role and effect on European integration and/or its adverse effect on European integration is evaluated. Therefore, based on current circumstances related to Unions’ integration processes and policies, the effect of unilateral harmonization in two enlargement or currently integrating regions, i.e. Western Balkan countries and countries where EU neighbourhood policy applies (focusing on one of those countries), has been assessed. Sustainable conclusions have been built upon realistic arguments and circumstances which bring into light new concepts and advantages and disadvantages regarding EU integration of relevant enlargement regions.

The keywords: unilateral harmonization, membership, EU membership perspectives, impact to the EU integration, regions of integration.



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Адреса редакції

м. Одеса, Україна
Фонтанська дорога, 23
Національний університет «Одеська юридична академія»,
Кафедра морського та митного права