Sunday, 29 November 2020

Lex Portus

Плачкова Т. М.

Інституціоналізація системи органів управління безпекою мореплавства в Україні

Tetyana Plachkova*

Institutionalization of the system of bodies governing the safety of navigation in Ukraine

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Suggested citation:

Плачкова, Т.М. (2018). Інституціоналізація системи органів управління безпекою мореплавства в Україні. Lex Portus, 1, 115-126. https://doi.org/10.26886/2524-101X.1.2018.9

Plachkova, T.M. (2018). Institutionalization of the system of bodies governing the safety of navigation in Ukraine. Lex Portus, no. 1, 115-126. https://doi.org/10.26886/2524-101X.1.2018.9 [in Ukrainian].

*Tetyana Plachkova. PhD Reseacher of the Department of Maritime and Customs Law of National University “Odessa Law Academy” (2, Akademichna St., Odessa, Ukraine)

 

ABSTRACT

Safety – the main principle of the formation of the entire array of legal regulation of the most ancient types of human activity – seafaring, or more – shipping.  It remains unchanged, passing through the millennium, and today it does not leave its leading position, since all international agreements and national maritime legislation that has already been adopted, perceive and reinforce its prominent role.  For the effective implementation of the international and national legal framework in the field of ensuring the safety of navigation is a necessary system of special state bodies or organizations authorized by it. After all, as you know, according to the article 94 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS’82), every State takes the necessary measures apropos of ships flying its flag to ensure the safety of sea.  And it is precisely in pursuance of this norm that the states joined the UNCLOS’82, establish the necessary institutional mechanism of state bodies and certified organizations for control (supervision) of compliance with the requirements for ensuring the safety of navigation.The article investigates the formation of a system of safety management systems in Ukraine in the light of the latest changes.  The renewal of an effective national legal and organizational mechanism for ensuring the safety of navigation has been proposed due to the formation of an updated system of state management of maritime activity and the provision of maritime safety.  The author proposes some changes in the organizational structure of the shipping safety management authorities of Ukraine with the need to consolidate the leading role of the national classification society in their structure.

The key words: safety of navigation, administrative bodies, the Register of Shipping of Ukraine, Ukrtranssafety, navigation.

 

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Плачкова Т. М. Інституціоналізація системи органів управління безпекою мореплавства в Україні. – Стаття.

У статті досліджено формування системи органів управління безпекою море- плавства в Україні з урахуванням новітніх змін. Запропоновано відновлення ефективного національного організаційно-правового механізму забезпечення безпеки мореплавства завдяки формуванню оновленої системи державного управління морською діяльністю та забезпеченням безпеки мореплавства. Автор пропонує окремі зміни у організаційній побудові органів управління безпекою мореплавства Україні з необхідністю закріплення провідної ролі національного класифікаційного товариства в їх структурі.

Ключові слова: безпека мореплавства, органи управління, Регістр судноплав- ства України, Укртрансбезпека, судноплавство.

 

Плачкова Т. М. Институционализация системы органов управления безо­пасностью мореплавания в Украине. – Статья.

В статье исследовано формирование системы органов управления безопасностью мореплавания в Украине с учетом новых изменений. Выдвинуто предложение о необходимости восстановления эффективного национального организационно-правового механизма обеспечения безопасности мореплавания через формирование обновленной системы государственного управления морской дея­тельностью и обеспечением безопасности мореплавания. Автором предлагаются отдельные изменения в организации органов управления безопасностью мореплавания Украины с необходимостью закрепления ведущей роли национального классификационного общества в их структуре.

Ключевые слова: безопасность мореплавания, органы управления, Регистр судоходства Украины, Укртрансбезопасность, судоходство.

Editorial Board Address

Ukraine, Odesa, Fontanska Doroga, 23
National University “Odessa Academy of Law”,
Department of Maritime and Customs Law

Executive Secretary: Averochkina Tetiana, Doctor of Law, Senior researcher, Associate Professor, Head of the Laboratory of the Department of Maritime and Customs Law of the National University "Odessa Law Academy".

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