Sunday, 20 June 2021

Lex Portus

Li Faqiang*

Elvina Abliakimova**

Safe ports: law, theory, practice under conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic

Full text PDF [EN]

Suggested citation:

Faqiang, L., Abliakimova, E. (2020). Safe ports: law, theory, practice under conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lex Portus, 4, 7-34. https://doi.org/10.26886/2524-101X.4.2020.1 

*Li Faqiang, Peking University Law School (5, Yiheyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing, P.R. China).

**Elvina Abliakimova, PhD, Associate Professor, Russian State University of Justice (69, Novocherjomushkinskaja St., Moscow, Russian Federation).

 

ABSTRACT

The article examines modern practical approaches to ensuring the safety of seaports as hubs of logistics centres for international trade and replacement points for ship crews under the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic. The historical retrospective of the formation of anti-epidemic legal instruments to counteract the spread of particularly dangerous and rapidly spreading diseases is outlined. It is emphasized that the COVID-19 pandemic and the quarantine restrictions imposed by it in the states belong to the range of force majeure. The approaches of national legislations, international agreements, case law, and time charter pro-forma to the legal category of “safe port” are analyzed. Emphasis has been placed on shifting priorities in port security from those prevailing since the early 2000s to terrorist, technical and navigational threats to threats related to the spread of the COVID-19 and to take measures to prevent the spread of the disease. The study develops the concept of ensuring a universal approach to the formation of protocols and best practices to combat the spread of COVID-19 and the introduction of increased financial sanctions in case of violation of the established rules.

The key words: port, security, crew change, legal regulation, shipping, maritime sector.

 

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Editorial Board Address

Ukraine, Odesa, Fontanska Doroga, 23
National University “Odessa Academy of Law”,
Department of Maritime and Customs Law

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